Booming Indian healthcare industry
May 19, 2011
The Indian healthcare sector is predicted to reach US$ 280 billion by 2020, contributing an expected Gross Domestic Product (GDP) spend of 8 per cent by 2012 from 5.5 per cent in 2009, according to a report by an industry body. Growing population, increasing lifestyle related health issues, cheaper treatment costs, thrust in medical tourism, improving health insurance penetration, increasing disposable income, government initiatives and focus on Public Private Partnership (PPP) models are some of the driving factors for the growth of healthcare sector in India.
Some of the key players in the Indian healthcare industry who are helping in making the sector buyout include Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd., Fortis Healthcare Ltd, Max Hospitals and Aravind Eye Hospitals.
Key players in healthcare industry
||No. Of beds
|Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd
||Chennai, Madurai, Hyderabad, Karur, Karim Nagar, Mysore, Visakhapatnam, Bilaspur, Aragonda, Kakindada, Bengaluru, Delhi, Noida, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Mauritius, Pune, Raichur, Ranipet, Ranchi, Ludhiana, Indore, Bhubaneswar, Dhaka
|Aarvind Eye Hospitals
||Theni, Tirunelveli, Coimbatore, Puducherry, Madurai, Amethi, Kolkata
||Hyderabad, Vijaywada, Nagpur, Rajpur, Bhubaneshwar, Surat, Pune, Visakhapatnam
|Fortis Healthcare Ltd
||Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Mohali, Noida, Delhi, Amristar, Rajpur, Jaipur, Chennai, Kota
||Delhi and NCR
|Manipal Group of Hospitals
||Udupi, Bengaluru, Manipal, Attavar, Mangalore, Goa, Tumkur, Vijaywada, Kasaragod, Visakhapatnam
Source: E&Y, November 2010
Challenges and Opportunities
Owing to the fact that the healthcare sector is one of the largest service sector industries in India with an estimated revenue of US$ 35 billion, the industry has also emerged as on the of most challenging sectors as well.
- India would require another 1.75 million beds by the end of 2025 to reach a ratio of two beds per 1000 population.
- An additional 0.7 million doctors are needed to reach a doctor population ratio of 1:1000 by 2025.
- Although the health insurance sector is projected to grow to US$3.8 billion, the health insurance penetration rate still has a lot more scope to grow with only 2 per cent of the total population being insured at present.
The government recognised the significant challenges and potential in the sector and provided priority status to healthcare in the Eleventh Five Year Plan. Further, the sector is expected to witness added growth through a well-defined partnership between the government and the private sector.
Meanwhile, the total healthcare infrastructure expenditure is expected to reach US$ 14.2 billion in 2013, registering an increase of 50 per cent as compared to the 2006 figure, according to a report by KPMG.
Average annual growth rate forecast in healthcare infrastructure expenditure 2009-2013
Source: Global Infrastructure: Trend Monitor Indian Healthcare Edition: Outlook 2009–2013, KPMG
The sector is undergoing significant changes driven by the continuing phase of rapid economic growth, with emerging markets, such as medical device manufacturers and diagnostic chains attracting increasing amounts of investments.
Cumulative FDI inflow (April 2000 to February 2011)
||FDI inflow (US$ million)
|Hospital and diagnostic centres
|Medical and surgical appliances
|Drugs and pharmaceuticals
Source: Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP)
- Hospitals chain Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Ltd plans to invest around US$ 204.04 million- US$ 226.70 million over the next two years.
- Wockhardt Hospitals plans to invest up to US$ 158.32 million to double its bed capacity to 2,000 by 2013.
- Hospitals chain Fortis Healthcare plans to invest US$ 146.81 million and add 2,100 new beds.
- The BCG Group plans to build a multidisciplinary health facility, BCG Healthsquare in Palarivattam in Kochi, Kerala, by August 2011. The company’s long-term plan is to set a 750,000 sq ft health village with an estimated cost of US$ 88.91 million.
- GE Healthcare will invest US$ 50 million to set up more facilities for developing diagnostic services.
- Manipal Hospitals plans to invest US$ 45.23 million in the next three years to double its capacity to 8,000 beds.
Private healthcare is emerging as one of the fasting growing sectors in India, with hospital chains exploring the markets in metros and tier II cities, private players seeking accreditation and developing new healthcare models. Further, the private and public sectors across various states such as Gujarat and Uttarakhand have launched innovative initiatives to attract PPP investments into healthcare.
While the government is exploring potential to establish state-funded healthcare insurance schemes for supporting healthcare delivery for the poorer sections of the population, the corporate segment is catering to the growing need of the general public for quality care. Thus, through a sustainable partnership, development and delivery of low cost, affordable, basic healthcare services, PPP models may help in improving the infrastructure and healthcare provision in the country.
- Rural healthcare sector in the country is also witnessing an upsurge. The rural health sector has added around 15,000 health sub-centres and 28,000 nurses and midwives during the last five years, according to the Rural Health Survey Report 2009, released by the Ministry of Health. The number of primary health centres has increased by 84 per cent, taking the number to 20,107, according to the report.
- Indian health insurance market represents one the fastest growing and second largest non-life insurance segment in the country, according to a report by research firm RNCOS. The health insurance premium is expected to grow at a Compound Annual Growth rate (CAGR) of over 25 per cent for the period spanning from 2009-10 to 2013-14, according to the report.
- India’s share in the global medical tourism industry is predicted to be around 3 per cent by the end of 2013, according to a report ‘Booming Medical Tourism in India’ by research firm RNCOS, released in December 2010. The sector is expected to generate around US$ 3 billion in revenues by 2013, with the number of medical tourists to grow at a CAGR of over 19 per cent during 2011-2013 to reach 1.3 million by 2013.
- Indian medical technology industry is expected to reach US$ 14 billion by 2020 from US$ 2.7 billion in 2008, according to a report by PwC and an industry body.
- The country’s first healthcare Special Economic Zone (SEZ), Frontier Mediville, is being set up by Frontier Lifeline Hospital at Elavoor, near Chennai.
- Major healthcare players such as Fortis and Apollo are expanding to tier-II and tier-III cities, along with urban cities, due to substantial demand for high-quality and specialty healthcare services in these cities.
- Healthcare majors such as Apollo, Max Healthcare and Manipal Group are targeting new segments such as primary care and diagnostics. Demographics, health awareness and increasing capacity to spend are the key drivers of the preventive healthcare segment in India.
- Computer-based bio-surveillance projects generating data about diseases and creating databases on healthcare in rural areas are gaining popularity in India with various organisations such as Narayana Hrudayalaya and the Mazumdar Shaw Cancer Centre entering into this sector.
- Government initiatives in the public health sector have recorded some noteworthy successes over time with focus on investments related to better medical infrastructure, rural health facilities etc.
- 100 per cent FDI is permitted for health and medical services under the automatic route.
- The National Rural Health Mission (NHRM) had allocated US$ 10.15 billion for the upgradation and capacity enhancement of healthcare facilities.
- Moreover, in order to meet revised cost of construction, in March 2010 the Government allocated an additional US$ 1.23 billion for six upcoming AIIMS-like institutes and upgradation of 13 existing Government Medical Colleges.
Source: Consolidated FDI Policy, DIPP